Environmental sustainability is a prerequisite for economic growth and development. Concern for the environment is viewed by many as a rich-country luxury. It is not. Issues in natural and man-made environmental resources like fresh water, clean air, forests, grasslands, marine resources, and agro-ecosystems provide sustenance and foundation for social and economic development.


    Water is an essential resource that has no substitute. It has four main functions in relation to health, habitat, transport and production. The provision of more economic and social services such as water supply,irrigation, hydropower, fisheries and wetlands protection depends on the improved availability of water resources. But evidence suggests the world is approaching a water crisis.


    Irrigated agriculture is at crossroads in Ghana. As water resources become increasingly scarce and demand for efficient and effective usage intensifies, the challenge of sustaining irrigation systems and the lands they serve has become a matter of crucial importance.


    Interventions in the water supply and sanitation sectors provide wide benefits across other sectors, and they are sectors that have important linkages to the attainment of outcomes in health, child mortality, education, gender empowerment and food security, among others.


    Waste management is one of the concerns most frequently raised by urban dwellers. Though many local government assemblies spend significant portions of their total revenues on it, indications are that the results are largely unsatisfactory. Hardly a day goes by without a complaint in the media about the poor sanitary conditions in the cities, be it waste accumulation, drain non-maintenance or poor toilet facilities.