WATER SUPPLY & SANITATION
Interventions in the water supply and sanitation sectors provide wide benefits across other sectors, and they are sectors that have important linkages to the attainment of outcomes in health, child mortality, education, gender empowerment and food security, among others. The Institute thus recognizes the strategic role and unique multi-sectoral nature of water and sanitation in advancing the effort towards poverty reduction and attaining socio-economic growth for the country. It shall place emphasis on ensuring institutional readiness to deal with the emerging water and sanitation challenges.
The costs of inadequate water supply and sanitation are high; children die every year from diarrhea, mainly as a result of inadequate sanitation, water supply and hygiene. And the economic cost of lost time in fetching water is high.
Growing cities in Africa need increased water supply and improved sanitation to sustain the urban economy, livelihoods and overall quality of city life. If cities are the engines of a country’s economic growth, then water is the oil that keeps those engines running.
When cities have access to safe drinking water and sanitation, its people are healthier and more productive economically. Improved sanitation protects the poor from health risks and translates to major economic gains from tourism revenues and health care savings, among others.
Challenges and opportunities in water supply differ from those in sanitation, and these in turn differ in rural and urban contexts. This is reflected not only in costs and economies of scale, but also in institutional capacity for investment and management.
The water crisis in Ghana is emerging as a major obstacle to the government’s economic development plans,, and requires aggressive attention to resolve before it is too late. This is because a reliable source of clean water is essential to maintaining the health of the citizens and the business climate.
Drastic measures must be implemented in Ghana to address the water crises facing the nation, deal with production as well as the extension problems. Treatment plants should be built in the lower Volta basin and associated distribution systems installed to address the water problems of south-eastern parts of Ghana. Besides the Volta River, dams should be constructed along the Pra, Ankobra and the Tano Rivers to irrigate the land and address industrial and domestic needs.
The Institute is committed to help Ghana develop, share, and apply global and local knowledge to meet challenges in the water sector