Transport is crucial for economic growth and trade, both of which are highly dependent on the conveyance of people and goods. Virtually no production can take place unless inputs such as raw materials, labor, and fuel can be moved from different locations; neither can manufactured products be delivered to consumers, nor services carried out.
Ghana is at the threshold of a socio-economic and psychological barrier, given the projection that by 2010 more people will be living in urban than in rural areas. Urban population growth, coupled with continuing globalization and trade liberalization is expected to significantly accelerate demand for the transportation of people, goods and services.
As a sector providing intermediate goods, transport must meet a variety of individual and collective expectations, which together offer a broad picture of the sector’s role and influence in the development agenda. In Ghana, effective delivery mechanisms for both infrastructure and services are bedeviled by severe constraints; lack of long-term strategies, budget constraints, and limited investments and maintenance, all hampering development.
It is expected that the Government would implement the recommendations of the National Transport Policy developed in 2007 with the objective of providing, expanding and maintaining appropriate transport infrastructure which strategically links the rural production and processing centers to the urban centers.