ROAD SAFETY

Overview
Road safety is a development and public health concern in Ghana given the unacceptable losses of life, health and property occurring on our road networks. The road safety performance gap between lower middle income countries like Ghana and developed nations is widening, and this trend will continue unless new national initiatives are undertaken. Road accidents disproportionately harm the poor with consequences that further plunge households into poverty. Pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and public transport passengers are especially at risk. There are growing concerns about the scale and projected growth of these negative impacts.

Key Challenges
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), road crashes kill more than malaria. Globally, it is estimated that 1.3 million persons get killed on the roads and 50 million others get injured to various degrees annually. Nations lose between 1%-3% of their GDP as a result of road crashes through loss of human capital, hospital costs, etc. Developing countries in Asia and Africa suffer the highest rates of road fatalities in spite of the fact that such countries are rather the least motorised. The WHO has predicted that road traffic crashes will become the third killer in the world above HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis by 2030 if nothing is done to halt the rising trend of road crashes and casualties. Over the next 20 years, more cars may be built than in the entire 110-year industry history, with immediate impact on congestion, road deaths and injuries, and the environment.

Looking Ahead
The strategy is to achieve sustainable reductions in road deaths and injuries, catalyze increased road safety investment and promote innovative infrastructure solutions to improve the safety of mixed traffic, speed and road environments. The Institute shall support the work of the National Roads Safety Authority to achieve its goals.